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Tribal clashes in Northen Kenya displaces more than 40,000 people

By   /  February 11, 2012  /  1 Comment

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Nairobi (Alshahid)-Tribal clashes in northern Kenya has left some 60 people dead and displaced more than 40,000 others in recent months in reprisal attacks linked to rivalry over pasture,cattle rustling and local politics, aid agencies and local authorities said.

The fighting between the Borana and tribes over access to water and pasture has nearly deserted Moyale, a northern town on the border with Ethiopia.

“Shops in Moyale are closed, houses, schools are empty, there is a very eerie sense like a ghost town,” Alexander Matheou, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) head for East Africa, said on Friday.

Clashes are common between rival shepherd pastoralists in the region, with herders often carrying guns to protect their animals, but the recent fighting has been unusually heavy.

“We have never seen before what we are seeing this time, entire villages, entire schools destroyed, water points sabotaged,” Matheou said.

A rapid initial assessment conducted by Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) found that fighting in January resulted in approximately 60 deaths and 57 injured and that 1,000 houses, health facilities, water points and schools have been vandalized or burned, with more than 5,000 families displaced and without access to shelter or basic services.

The region was hard hit by severe drought in the Horn of Africa last year, exacerbating tensions over land in the area, and sparking tit-for-tat cattle raids.

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1 Comment

  1. avatar Jennifer Doherty says:

    Facinating Article.

    Belo Monte is only a small part of development-induced displacement in Amazon Region. The situation in Ecuador, Colombia and Peru is even worse. Bogumil Terminski estimates that forcible “development-induced displacement and resettlement” now affects 10 million people per year.

    India is well ahead in this respect. A country with as many as over 3600 large dams within its belt can never be the exceptional case regarding displacement. The number of development induced displacement is higher than the conflict induced displacement worldwide.

    Athough the exact number of development-induced displaced people (DIDPs) is difficult to know, estimates are that in the last decade 90–100 million people have been displaced by urban, irrigation and power projects alone, with the number of people displaced by urban development becoming greater than those displaced by large infrastructure projects (such as dams). DIDPs outnumber refugees, with the added problem that their plight is often more concealed.
    This is what experts have termed “development-induced displacement.” According to Michael Cernea, a World Bank analyst, the causes of development-induced displacement include water supply (dams, reservoirs, irrigation); urban infrastructure; transportation (roads, highways, canals); energy (mining, power plants, oil exploration and extraction, pipelines); agricultural expansion; parks and forest reserves; and population redistribution schemes.

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